June 12, 2016

Job Site Analysis Around Pipeline Facilities

Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC, like many other underground utility operators, requires that a Job Safety Analysis (JSA) to be performed when work is being done near our assets.  

JSAs are never optional when Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC is involved. When work is being conducted in our rights-of-way, Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC will be on site to observe and correct any safety issues and concerns as much as practicable.  We contend that JSAs are a vital component to a safe excavation project.  The purpose of a JSA is simple: identify safety hazards before they occur.  

When doing work near a Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC asset, always consult with a Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC representative when designing the day's JSA.  The following, excerpted from OSHA's Job Hazard Analysis, provides a clear framework for a successful JSA.

Involve your employees

It is very important to involve your employees in the hazard analysis process.  They have a unique understanding of the job, and this knowledge is invaluable for finding hazards.  Involving employees will help minimize oversights, ensure a quality analysis, and get workers to "buy in" to the solutions because they will share ownership in their safety and health program. 

Review your accident history

Review with your employees your worksite's history of accidents and occupational illnesses that needed treatment, losses that required repair or replacement, and any "near misses" -- events in which an accident or loss did not occur, but could have.  These events are indicators that the existing hazard controls (if any) may not be adequate and deserve more scrutiny. 

Conduct a preliminary job review

Discuss with your employees the hazards they know exist in their current work and surroundings.  Brainstorm with them for ideas to eliminate or control those hazards.  

If any hazards exist that pose an immediate danger to an employee's life or health, take immediate action to protect the worker.  Any problems that can be corrected easily should be corrected as soon as possible.  Do not wait to complete your job hazard analysis.  This will demonstrate your commitemnt to safety and health and enable you to focus on the hazards and jobs that need more study because of their complexity.  For those hazards determined to present unacceptable risks, evaluate types of hazard controls.  

list, rank and set priorities for hazardous jobs

List jobs with hazards that present unacceptable risks, based on those most likely to occur and with the most severe consequences.  These jobs should be your first priority for analysis. 

outline the steps or tasks

Nearly every job can be broken down into job tasks or steps.  When beginning a job hazard analysis, watch the employee perform the job and list each step as the worker takes it.  Be sure to record enough information to describe each job action without getting overly detailed.  Avoid making the breakdown of steps so detailed that it becomes unnecessarily long or so broad that it does not include basic steps.  You may find it valuable to get input from other workers who have performed the same job. 

Later, review the job steps with the employee to make sure you have not omitted something.  Point out that you are evaluating the job itself, not the employee's job performance.  Include the employee in all phases of the analysis -- from reviewing the job steps and procedures to discussing uncontrolled hazards and recommended solutions. 

Offering a Resource to Make JSAs Easier

Phillips 66 Pipeline LLC makes pre-planned JSA guides, called "Tailgate Meeting Guides", available to you for free download.  The guides are based on the Common Ground Alliance's Best Practices 13.0 document and written to support safe digging efforts.  Each guide can be printed in black and white or color and provides a form to document observations and resolutions.